Mario García Menocal was one of the most authoritarian presidents in the republican time in Cuba. His presidential period was marked by the First World War's development.The General Major in the Independence war Mario García Menocal was born in Jagüey Grande on December 17th, 1866.

Carlos Manuel de Céspedes call his salves to struggle in 1868. . He was the first president of the Republic in Arms. He is remembered as the Nation's Father. The poet and essayist valued him as the most important figure of the Great Civil War, also called him "The Marble Man". In the revolutionary work of 1895 War, Céspedes was always there, essentially with military and social ideas.

The Republic in Arms was the civil authority of the Cuban independence wars. The president was the highest executive power of the insurgents. The history of the Cuban presidents starts with the Republic in Arms, early in the 1868 war of independence. Since October the 10th 1868 the need to provide a civil government for the Revolution was observed.

Cuba is full of famous people. El Caballero de Paris (The Knight of Paris) is one of the most remembered. Today, immortalized in a statue rests in Old Havana. In the Plaza de San Francisco (San Francisco's Square) two old ladies strongly touch a bronze figure.

Ernest Hemingway lived in Cuba for his last 22 years. Nowadays, the places where he lived are museums: The 511 Ambos Mundos' room and the farm "Finca Vigía". "I love this country and it feels like home; and there, where a man feels like home, putting aside the birth place, there is where he is destined to live" said the author of "El Viejo y el mar"

The famous bandit Manuel Garcia captured by the Civil Governor of Havana Rafael Fernández in 1894, almost joins the rebel ranks in February 1895. Because of an accurate bullet the most famous villain of the colony did not lead the revolution of 1895. If the February 24th Uprising was successful, commanding its men would join forces Juan Gualberto Gómez, sent by José Martí to wage war. After the shots and speeches they reached the forest. There, everything would be easier.

José Miguel Gómez was a General during the Independence War in Cuba, who became President of the Republic. His legacy was marked by corruption and viciousness. According to Carlos Loveira, writer, the presidents of Cuba until Gerardo Machado were a generation of Generals and Doctors. This statement is based on the training of senior judges. All were generals during wars of independence or firms with participation in civil strife.

Tomas Estrada Palma was the first president of Cuba without Spaniards. His performance makes him a controversial figure in the history of Cuba.  It is said that Tomas Estrada Palma was perhaps one of those young, but he wasn't. He was among the most distinguished civilians in the jungle, not because of the use of arms, but his way acting within the House of Representatives or in external relations.

The story of Papá Montero shows the Cuban's way of being. The tradition that has remained in Isabela de Sagua village. Tourists who want to know more about this Caribbean island can get surprised with their unusual stories and smile with Cubans' occurrences. A good example is the story about Papa Montero, an interesting man who was from Isabela de Sagua village, in Villa Clara province.

The demise of Matías Pérez was an event that moved people's heart in Havana, 1856. The origin of this popular phrase goes back to the demise of the Portuguese aeronaut in 1856. Perez, an awning-maker was fond of aviation, and due to the time he was living, hot-air-balloons were fashion.

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Headlining News

  • The Cuban government has begun to pay ahead of schedule the debt which was renegotiated with more than a dozen international creditors, in a first step to settle outstanding accounts that historically has been dragging, reported Reuters. Havana sealed in December 2015 an agreement with the Paris Club countries and managed to get 14 governments to forgive him 8,500 of 11,100 million still pending. The repayment of the remaining amount was structured over 18 years and the first payment of about $ 40 million, was made before October 31. "The Cuban government has paid the first installment and has done soon", said the French Ambassador to Cuba, Jean-Marie Bruno. Under the agreement with the Paris Club the 14 countries had a year to sign restructuring pacts that could include the establishment of local accounts, where a percentage of the money owed would be earmarked for development projects.

  • At the fairgrounds Expocuba more than 75 countries and 4 500 exhibitors have gathered since this Monday to seek business opportunities in the Caribbean largest shopping bag. Until November 4 Cuban entrepreneurs can showcase their results in the production of goods and services and present their interests in the search of foreign investment. Aiming for this, the Ministry of Tourism has arranged a larger exhibition area at the fair, for which presents a portfolio of 127 investment projects, including 25 for the construction of hotels, 97 in the form of hotel management with or without external financing and five dedicated to marine management. United States, Spain, France, Italy and Japan increased their participation, and Venezuela, China and Russia are the partners of the island most represented at the meeting.

  • The Roswell Park Cancer Institute, based in the city of Buffalo, will hold in the United States a clinical trial of a Cuban vaccine against lung cancer. The goal is to test the CimaVax-EGF, a treatment developed by the Molecular Immunology Center in Havana. The institute, one of the most important of its kind in the world, becomes the first American medical institution to receive approval from the Food and Drug Administration to test a Cuban medical therapy in that country. The clinical trial is expected to begin in November and to involve roughly 60 - 90 US patients. Although CimaVax-EGF does not provide a cure of the disease, it contributes to slow the growth of tumors and is less toxic than chemotherapy. In this regard, it has already shown promising results in Cuba, and other countries like Peru, Colombia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  • One of the most important groups in the contemporary world scene will tour Cuba. Odin Teatret will carry out from October 30 to November 25 a tour through several provinces. Based in the Danish town of Holstebro, Odin Teatret is led since 1964 by the Italian master Eugenio Barba. During his stay in Cuba they will present eight shows, which include one-person and group shows as well as a program of lectures, workshops, work demonstrations, audiovisual presentations, master classes and other exchanges. The tour will cover the cities of Las Tunas, Sancti Spiritus, Matanzas, Santa Clara, Camagüey, Pinar del Rio, Bayamo, Santiago de Cuba and Havana.

  • 25th edition of International Ballet Festival of Havana Alicia Alonso has started. The event, one of the most prestigious in the world of dance- will take place until November 6. Among the guests are the company Buenos Aires Ballet, under the direction of Federico Fernández; Dance Americanana -group composed of figures of the New York City Ballet and the Miami City Ballet-; Ballet West, also American, and the Canadian company Les Grands Ballets Canadiens. Also integrate the list Vlovajob Pru, led by François Chaignaud & Cecilia Bengolea; Martha Graham Dance Company, founded in 1929 by the celebrated dancer and choreographer Martha Graham; and Irene Rodriguez’s (Cuba). Also attending the Festival are choreographers Daniel Proietto and Demis Volpi, both Argentinian; Colombian-Belgian Annabelle Lopez Ochoa, Cuban Alberto Mendez and Ely Regina Hernandez, who created especially for the event, the pas de deux Winter.

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